Compare Canada Vs Australia Costs | Immigration Process | Job Market & More

banner image of blog on topic: Canada or Australia which one is better for immigration

Last Updated On : June 10 , 2024

What's New in the blog

  • Immigration Fees for both countries
  • New Immigration Ministers are appointed
  • Job Market .

For skilled professionals and foreigners (expatriate) seeking new opportunities, Canada is preferable to Australia for a number of reasons. Canada has high demand in sectors such as banking, technology and resources. There are plenty of opportunities for career development.

Furthermore, Canada's universal health care system, diversified population, and cheaper cost of living in large cities make it a great place for people looking to relocate abroad.

Cost of Living Comparison : Canada vs Australia

Canada is generally considered slightly cheaper than Australia, particularly for everyday expenses.

Expense Category



Rent (1-bedroom apartment in city center)

$1,200 - $2,000

$1,500 - $2,500

Utilities (electricity, heating, cooling, water)

$100 - $300

$150 - $350


$300 - $500

$350 - $600

Transportation (monthly pass)

$80 - $150

$100 - $200

Eating Out (meal for 2 at mid-range restaurant)

$50 - $80

$60 - $100

Entertainment (movies, sports events, etc.)

$20 - $50

$25 - $60

Clothing and Shoes

$50 - $100

$60 - $120

Healthcare (with public insurance)

Mostly covered

Mostly covered

Education (public universities)

$5,000 - $10,000 per year

$6,000 - $12,000 per year

Tax System Comparison : Canada vs Australia

Tax Type



Personal Income Tax

Federal rates: depending on income levels, 15% to 33%

Federal Rates : depending on the province/territory: 5% to 25%,

primarily federal taxes Rates: 0% to 45% (according to income tiers)

Goods and Services Tax (GST) / Value Added Tax (VAT)

Federal GST: 5% Provincial Sales Tax (PST) or Harmonized Sales Tax (HST)

Federal GST: 10%

Capital Gains Tax

50% of capital gains are taxed at personal income tax rates

Capital gains are taxed at personal income tax rates (no discount)

Tax Filing

Annual tax return required for individuals and businesses

Annual tax return required for individuals and businesses

Healthcare Services For New Immigrants: Canada vs Australia




Medical Services

Universal health protection (Health support)

Universal health coverage (Medicare)

Immigration qualifications

A candidate having Permanent resident status or in waiting PR status can receive medical benefits.

Applicants must have Permanent resident status to receive medical benefits.


dental, vision, and medications (restricted coverage)

Prescriptions, dental, and vision care (restricted coverage)

Wait Times

It may be lengthy, especially for experts.

may differ, possibly being shorter than in Canada

Pros and Cons of Living in Canada Vs Australia




  • Excellent standard of living and quality of life.
  • Multicultural and accepting society.
  • Excellent educational system.
  • Universal healthcare system.
  • Stable economy and employment possibilities.
  • Vast natural beauty and outdoor pleasure.
  • A safe and pleasant environment.


  • In certain areas, long and severe winters.
  • More taxes in comparison to certain other nations.
  • High living expenses in big cities.
  • Geographical expanse resulting in isolation.
  • Some localities face challenges with housing affordability.
  • comparatively long processing periods for immigration.


  • A carefree and outside kind of living.
  • A multicultural community with a distinctive fusion of cultures.
  • Outstanding educational establishments.
  • Elevated minimum wage and superior healthcare infrastructure.
  • Robust economy and promising career opportunities.
  • Varied topography and breathtaking natural beauties.
  • Sunny and warm weather.


  • Venomous fauna and natural risks.
  • High expense of life, especially in big cities.
  • Housing affordability issues in metropolitan regions.
  • Remote location and lengthy travel times.
  • Significant reliance on natural resources and exports.
  • Strict immigration policies and criteria.

Immigration Authority: IRCC Vs Department of Home Affairs

Both countries have different immigration departments with varying processes. Here, we have provided crucial details such as immigration fees, processing times, current immigration ministers, etc.

Immigration Complexity in Canada and Australia

IRCC (Canada) : Complex process with multiple pathways, leading to longer processing times and higher fees.

DHA(Australia): Simpler process with fewer pathways, resulting in faster processing times and lower fees.

Processing Fees in Canada Vs. Australia

Immigration Program

Canadian Currency

Australian Currency

Express Entry Program

1500 CAD

1440 AUD

Skilled Independent Visa

2350 CAD

3600 AUD

Processing Time in Canada and Australia

Immigration Program

Processing Time

Express Entry

6-12 months

Skilled Independent Visa

6-12 months

Immigration Minister in Canada and Australia


Immigration Authority

Marc Miller

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)

Clare O'Neill

Department of Immigration and Border Protection

Canada's Express Entry vs Australia's Skilled Migration Visa Program

The goal of Canada's Express Entry program and Australia's Skilled Migration Visa Program is to attract skilled workers to their countries. The following is a comparison of the two programs:

Canada’s Express Entry

Australia's Skilled Migration Visa

Eligibility Requirements:

  • Minimum 12 months of full-time skilled occupation work experience.
  • CLB 7 English or French language proficiency.
  • Bachelor's degree or higher educational qualification.

Application Process:

  • Online application via IRCC Secure Account.
  • Application assessed using Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Processing Time:

  • Processing time 6-12 months.

Points System:

  • CRS awards points based on language proficiency, education, work experience, and age.
  • Highest scoring candidates invited for permanent residency application.

Eligibility Requirements:

  • Minimum 3 years of skilled occupation work experience.
  • Minimum IELTS 7 or equivalent language proficiency.
  • Minimum bachelor's degree or higher educational qualification.

Application Process:

  • Online application via Skillselect System.
  • Application assessed based on points system.

Processing Time:

  • 6-12 months.

Points System:

  • Awards points based on language proficiency, education, work experience, and age.

Job Market For Skilled Workers: Canada vs Australia

Graph data showing jobs demand in Canada and Australia

Canada Job Market: Jobbank website

Australia Job Market: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Major Canadian cities have high rates of employment. In Canada's biggest cities, such Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver, employment levels are consistently high, according to Statista.

For skilled workers, Australia has a robust labor market as well. Statista reports that employment in Australia has gradually increased in recent years, with notably high development in industries such as healthcare, professional services, and construction.

However, Canada may have a slight advantage for skilled workers. Australia's major cities have lower employment rates than those of Canada.

Professionals with the necessary skills have good possibilities in both nations, although overall, the work situation in Canada seems to be a little better.

Popular cities in Canada Vs Australia for Newcomers




Major Cities

Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa

Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide


Toronto (2.9M), Vancouver (2.6M), Montreal (1.8M)

Sydney (5.3M), Melbourne (5.1M), Brisbane (2.5M)

Cost of Living

Generally less than Australia , with Vancouver being an exception

Higher than Canada, particularly in major cities

Housing Affordability

costly in big cities like Vancouver and Toronto

Expensive in metropolitan areas like Melbourne and Sydney

Job Opportunities

varied sectors with robust financial, technological, and natural resource sectors

Effective in terms of mining, farming, tourism, and education


varying from continental to temperate, with various seasons

Generally moderate to hot, with warmer winters towards the south


Multicultural, with Indigenous, English, and French influences

Multicultural, with strong British and Indigenous influences

Quality of Life

High, with access to outdoor activities and urban amenities

High, with access to beaches, outdoor activities, and urban amenities

Federal Structure: Canadian provinces vs. Australian States


Canadian Provinces

Australian States

Provinces, States & Territories

10 provinces & 3 territories

6 States & 2 Territories


The Canadian Constitution assigns certain authorities to provinces, while the federal government retains residual powers.

States assume all authority until specifically delegated to the Commonwealth.

Power Balance

Natural Resources & Healthcare

Taxation & Social Welfare


Greater autonomy in taxation

Relies on federal funding.

Language Requirement for Canada PR Vs Australian PR




Tests Accepted

IELTS, CELPIP,PTE, Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC)

IELTS, PTE, CAE(c1 Advanced), OET

Point System Importance



Cut-Off Scores

Depends on the program you qualify for (generally CLB 7)

Depending on the subclass of visa (usually CLB 7)


We have shared all essential information, such as immigration processing time, required fees, the job market in both countries, Canada & Australia, and available immigration programs.

Your second step is to hire an immigration consultant or apply online through the official website. If you want to apply for Canada PR, our licensed RCIC will guide you through all the essential steps.